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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊文、葉德豐、曾坤儀(2003),臺灣醫院評鑑趨勢之探討,中山醫學雜誌,第14期,513-522。
  2. 朱文洋、葉淑娟(2001),中小型醫院經營策略與營運績效-以平衡計分卡觀點分析,醫務管理期刊,第2期第2卷,109-138。
  3. 朱鎮明(2007),以平衡計分卡提昇政府服務及競爭力,研考雙月刊,第31卷第4期,112-127。
  4. 吳肖琪、吳義勇、朱慧凡、林嘉彥、李鐘祥、張錦文、藍忠孚(2002),我國醫院醫療品質指標使用之情形,醫療品質雜誌,第2卷第2期,1-14。
  5. 林四海(2001),我國醫院評鑑之探討,醫務管理期刊,第2卷第1期,1-19。
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