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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林之崴,「我國著作權集體管理機制現況及趨勢之研究」 (碩士論文,政治大學,2007)。
  2. 邱炯友,「公共出借權計畫之本質與價值」,教育資料與圖書館學 38卷,3期 (2001年3月):271-286。
  3. 邱炯友、曾玲莉,「公共出借權之演進與發展」,台北市立圖書館館訊 21卷,1期 (2003年9月):62。
  4. 邱炯友、曾玲莉,「公共出借權之認知與意見調查研究」,國家圖書館館刊 92卷,1期 (2003年4月):111。
  5. 童淑華,「語文著作權仲介團體之研究」(碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,2005)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳姸如(2013)。臺灣電子書平臺商與公共圖書館電子書服務之研究─兼論數位出借權發展。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-104。 
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