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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王其偉,2006,《政府機關資訊委外關鍵因素之探討》,中原大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 徐綺憶、王存國,2001,〈資訊系統委外程度之影響因素探討〉,《資訊管理研究》,第3卷,第1期,頁105-128。
  3. 翁興利、黃淑勤,2007,〈一般使用者、資訊專家之觀點探討影響─資訊委外安全風險因素之研究〉,「2007資訊管理學術與實務研討會」。
  4. 張國鴻,2004,〈電子化政府機關業務委外新型態〉,《研考雙月刊》,第240期,頁67-79
  5. Cheon, M. J., Grover, V., and James T. C. Teng, 1995, “Theoretical Perspectives on the Outsourcing of Information System”, Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, pp. 209-219.
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