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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王莉萍(2009)。環境議題融入「水中的生物」教學對國小四年級學童環境學習成就之影響。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 王慧筠(2009)。概念構圖在國中地理教學的實踐。國立台灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 李欣憶(2006)。問題導向學習應用於高中地理海岸環境議題教學之研究。國立臺灣師範大學地理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 李麗菁(2006)。探究國小教師對環境議題之抉擇制定歷程。國立高雄師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
  5. 卓芳亙(2008)。概念構圖教學策略對地理科學習成效之影響-以七年級學生為例。國立台灣大學地理環境資源學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃淑娟(2016)。運用專題導向學習模式於高職行銷學教學之行動研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-134。
  2. 張淑怡(2017)。有效教學策略融入國中地理科教學之行動研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-213。
  3. 陳麗華(2017)。問題本位學習融入翻轉教室對國中生之數學學習成效與學習動機之行動研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-139。
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