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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宗薇(民89)。教學設計理論與模式的評析及應用:以師院社會科教材教法為例。臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。未出版。
  2. 吳忠宏、呂淑芬 (民93)。鄉土教育融入學習領域之主題統整教學設計。國教輔導,44:2,頁44-49。
  3. 吳政憲(民90)。教師在職進修的新趨勢-學校本位的教師專業發展。研習資訊,18:1,頁29-44。
  4. 林進材(民87)。教師效能的研究及其在教學上的應用。教育資料文摘,41:1,頁134-147。
  5. 林霓岑(民89)。國民小學教師設計統整課程之研究。臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮國鈞(2007)。大學教師執行教學設計之個案研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-157。 
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