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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(1980)。唐氏症幼兒與母親於自由遊戲情境互動行為之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,6,131-149。
  2. 王天苗(1993)。心智發展障礙兒童家庭需求之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,9,73-90。
  3. 王天苗(1994)。心智發展障礙幼兒家庭狀況之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,10,119-141。
  4. 王天苗(1995)。心智發展障礙幼兒家庭支援實施成效及其相關問題之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,12,75-103。
  5. 利翠珊(1999)。婚姻親密情感的內涵與測量。中華心理衛生學刊,12(4),29-51。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡純青(2010)。透納氏症患孩父母親職壓力與生活品質之探討。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  2. 羅鳳菊(2007)。先天性代謝異常疾病患童母親之親職壓力與生活品質之探討。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2007。1-118。 
  3. 楊家雯(2010)。單親母親的親職壓力因應策略、親職同理心與兒童虐待傾向關係探討。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-108。
  4. 陳亭妤(2012)。國小一般生和特教生母親親職壓力、因應策略和身心健康的比較研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-143。
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