Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秀珠(2001)。上行順服取得策略:檢視部屬對上司之溝通策略及其影響因素。新聞學研究,67,134─140。
  2. 李秀珠、遲嫻儒(2004)。組織中上行影響策略之研究:比較西方及中國式上行影響策略之差異。新文學研究,80, 89─126。
  3. 李秀珠(2008)。華人的組織上行影響研究:檢視台灣組織中的上行影響模式。新聞學研究,94,107─148。
  4. 林鉦棽(2005)。組織公民行為之跨層次分析: 層線性模式的應用,管理學報,22 (4),503-524。
  5. 林娟如(2007)。人格特質及團隊凝聚力對主管與部屬交換關係影響之跨層次研究:以印象管理為中介變項。靜宜大學國際企業學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉芳束(2014)。地方居民認知與推動低碳社區之關聯探討。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2014。1-84。
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