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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王珩(2005)。從ARCS 模式探討英語學習動機之激發策略-臺中教育大學學報:人文藝術類(2005,19(2),89-100)。
  2. 林邵珍(民92)。運用ARCS動機模式於生活科技教學。教師之友,44(4),104-11。
  3. 林玉如、陳淑娟(2004)。學習動機在教學策略上的應用。國立臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所研究生與資訊推廣中心技士共同論文。
  4. 林哲宇(2010)。ARCS融入體驗式學習之學習活動中目標導向與教學策略對國小生電腦技能學習之影響。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 周韻芳(2008)。數位教材之動機設計對網路學習者的動機表現與學習策略運用之影響。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯智翔(2013)。應用ARCS動機模式於App漢字遊戲創作-以漢字遊~動物篇~為例。臺北科技大學互動媒體設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-94。 
  2. 江仁山(2014)。國中生英語補救教學學習動機與學習成效關係之研究 -以新竹市「補救教學實施方案」為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-218。
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