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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張春興、楊國樞(1993)。心理學。臺北市:三民。
  2. 黃明月、陳仲彥、吳玉玲、張雅淨(2005)。非正規教育課程認證制度之探討。
  3. 楊國德(2000)。成人學習成就的認證。載於中華民國成人教育學會主編,成人
  4. 吳秉恩(1991)。管理才能發展方案實施與成效關係之研究。國立政治大學管理研
  5. 鄭靖國、王明忠(2007)。學生學習滿意度調查的因素構面與問卷發展。中華技術
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉昱辰(2017)。社會支持、學習動機對數位學習滿意度相關之研究- 企業員工使用數位學習為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-102。
  2. 白嘉棋(2017)。軍職採購人員之教育訓練成效。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2017。1-44。
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