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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林柄滄(2001)。內部稽核人員的角色扮演。內部稽核季刋,第35期,1-5。
  2. 林靜儀(2005)。領導型態、角色壓力、角色滿足與組織承諾相關性之研究。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 邱錦城(2010)。司法矯正機關會計人員角色衝突之研究。國立台東大學區域政策與發展研究所公共事務管理在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 郭為藩(1971)。角色理論在教育上的意義。台北市:師大教育研究所集刊。
  5. 張春興(1990)。張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖鴻志(2014)。國立大學院校主計人員決策風格與內部審核品 質關係之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2014。1-179。 
  2. 林香鑾(2017)。會計人員執行內部審核的角色衝突之影響。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-109。
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