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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 吳晏榕(2013),「線上購物景氣動態報告」,台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫。
  2. 10. 李佳安(2009),「台灣企業部落格的應用與效益研究」,國立政治大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 11. 李智仁(2013),「第三方的中國經驗觀察」,萬國法律191(2013年10月),頁2-14。
  4. 17. 范亦文(2012),「電子商務第三方支付平台Alipay(支付寶)模式於台灣之可行性分析」,國立清華大學經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  5. 21. 張曉平(2011),「電子商務線上金流之研究」,大同大學資訊經營學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁桂燕(2015)。第三方支付機制對我國銀行發展的影響。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2015。1-69。
  2. 魏鴻詳(2016)。第三方支付對臺灣金融業之機會與挑戰。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-206。
  3. 張立俊(2017)。FinTech環境下銀行之第三方支付:資源基礎觀點。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-70。
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