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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林巧敏,《「國家圖書館電子資源館藏發展之研究》(博士論文,台灣大學,2008),14。
  2. 林慶弧、鄭麗美,〈全國技專校院自動化現況與服務滿意度調查〉,《圖書資訊學刊》15卷 (民89年12月):133-155。
  3. 姜義臺,《「圖書館電子資源整合檢索系統優使性之研究-以SmartWeaver為例》(碩士論文,中興大學,2009年),21。
  4. 柯皓仁,〈電子期刊聯合目錄與數位圖書館整合檢索系統之發展〉,國立交通大學圖書館,檢索於2010年6月20日)。
  5. 張慧銖,〈電子館藏之組織與管理〉,中興大學圖書資訊學研究所〈〉(檢索於2010年5月18日)
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉幸玟(2013)。以資料預設介面協助公共圖書館讀者使用電子資源整合查詢系統之評估研究-以臺北市立圖書館Hyint2.0系統為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
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