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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 19. 張珀銀(民94)。運用服務導向架構整合需求鏈之研究。國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 1. Agrawal, R., Imilienski, T., & Swami, A. (1993). Mining Association Rules between Sets of Items in Large Database. Proceedings of the 1993 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, 207-216.
  3. 7. Chen, P. P.-S. (1976). The Entity-Relationship Model---Toward a Unified View of Data. ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 1, 9-36.
  4. 8. Codd, E. F. (1970). A Relational Model of Data for Large Relational Databases. Communications of the ACM, 13, 77-87.
  5. 9. Comery, A. L. (1973). A first course in factor analysis. New York: Academic Press.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑋玲(2011)。資料採礦於精品業需求鏈推薦機制探勘之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-130。 
  2. 陳威頤(2014)。應用Dagging集成式學習演算法改善分類準確度之研究。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-107。 
  3. 楊逢杰(2008)。以本體論為基礎的資料採礦方法應用於台灣飲料商品產品及品牌光譜之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-136。
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