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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余顯強,「淺談開放式元資料獲取協定的應用與內涵」。圖書與資訊學刊,43期(2002年11月):34-45,檢索於2016年6月23日,。
  2. 吳紹群,「Open Access文獻之資訊組織及取用管道分析」。大學圖書館12卷,2期(2008年9月):106-129,檢索於2016年6月23日,。
  3. 吳瑩月,「從異質性數位資源整合探討MODS與METS」。圖書與資訊學刊59卷,(2006):92-108,檢索於2016年6月23日,。
  4. 林巧敏,「檔案資源互通檢索技術發展與系統建置構想」。檔案與微縮,92期,(2009年3月):1-12,檢索於2016年6月23日,。
  5. 林信成、康珮熏,「詮釋資料與OAI-PMH在新聞數位典藏之整合應用」。教育資料與圖書館學43卷,1期(2005):49-68,檢索於2016年6月23日,。
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