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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王啟祥(2002)。〈從休閒觀點析論博物館觀眾開發的困境與對策〉,《博物館學季刊》,16:4,121-131。
  2. 王龍德(2012)。《以生態博物館作為苗栗縣圳頭社區發展策略之研究》。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所碩士論文。
  3. 李如茵(2015)。《「礦城的記憶與傳播」,新博物館對地方意義之建構─以黃金博物館為例》。淡江大學大眾傳播學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林宗賢、王維靖、劉沛瑜、王乃玉(2009)。〈重新檢視一般遊客旅遊決策模式 —
  5. 林嘉男、許毅璿(2007)。〈人與環境關係之論述:釐清「地方感」、「地方依 附」與「社區依附」在環境研究上的角色〉。《環境教育研究》,5:1,41-71。
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