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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 李建然、羅元銘,「新上市公司上市後營運績效衰退原因之探討」,Journal of Financial Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp 23-52。
  2. 23.高強、黃旭男、Sueyoshi T.,「管理績效評估-資料包絡分析法」,華泰文化事業股份有限公司,民國92年。
  3. 1.Bowlin, W F., “An Analysis of The Financial Performance of Defense Business Segments Using Data Envelopment Analysis,” Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Vol. 18, 1999, pp.287-310.
  4. 3.Chang, P. L., Hwang, S. N. and Cheng, W. Y., “Using Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Achievement and Change If Regional Development in Taiwan,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 43, 1995, pp.49-66.
  5. 4.Chen, T. Y., “Measuring Operation, Market and Financial Efficiency in the Management of Taiwan’s Banks,” Services Marketing Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2002, pp.15-28.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅茵(2015)。運用DEA法評估兩岸產險業之自留業務效率。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2015。1-72。 
  2. 柯文真(2012)。兩岸產險業經營效率之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-90。 
  3. 翁欣怡(2008)。外資購併台灣保險公司對員工行為影響之研究 -以明台保險公司為例-。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-70。
  4. 張淑雯(2009)。台灣地區產險公司經營效率之研究~三階段DEA法之應用。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2009。1-74。
  5. 王秀莉(2009)。台灣地區產險公司經營效率分析~DEA與SFA之比較。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2009。1-58。
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