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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱博湧、熊杏華、楊川毅(2007)。跨國無形資產價值驅動因子之研究-以台灣、美國IC設計業為例。管理與系統,14(2),239-264。
  2. 余坤東(2002)。組織變革動能成因及對變革成效之影響研究。管理評論,21(4),77-100。
  3. 吳文雄、郭峰淵 (2003)。電腦技能學習中群體凝聚力、群體規範、群體效能與群體績效之研究。資訊管理學報,10(1),47-62。
  4. 吳志男(2003)。組織文化、組織氣候與組織公民行為之研究。私立中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 吳皇輝、奚國華、曾國雄(2003)。我國IC設計公司屬性分析之研究。中華管理學報,4(3),63-77。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉淑真(2009)。組織文化、組織變革認知及人格特質對員工組織承諾影響之研究-以中華郵政總公司為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-169。 
  2. 高坤章(2010)。員工工作價值觀與組織變革知覺之研究-以國軍基層補給部隊為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-80。
  3. 林淑婉(2011)。金融機構資訊科技應用與組織變革對組織績效影響之研究。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-76。
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