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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 張曉平(2011),電子商務線上金流之研究,大同大學資訊經營研究所碩士論文。
  2. 8. 電子商務,經理人月刊,2006
  3. 一、 中文部分
  4. 1. 李俐俐(2004),台灣信用卡市場概況,中國商銀月刊 。
  5. 2. 余啟民(2015),從電子商務角度看我國第三方支付法律與實務發展,台灣全國律師法學期刊,第19卷,第2期,28-36。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張立俊(2017)。FinTech環境下銀行之第三方支付:資源基礎觀點。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-70。 
  2. 黃齊清(2017)。論電子支付機構對我國線上遊戲產業之發展影響與願景。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-108。
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