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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂銀益、徐揚、許宏哲(1999)。〈台灣橄欖球運動的傳承與發揚—談清忠杯橄欖球錦標賽之公共關係計劃〉,《中華體育》,第十三卷第三期。
  2. 邱則堯(2011)。〈大型活動志工參與動機之研究-以2010台北國花卉博覽會志工經驗為例〉。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 徐為公(2003)。〈事件行銷之說服理論建構研究〉。中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文。
  4. 陳靜茹、蔡美瑛(2009)。〈全球暖化與京都議定書議題框架之研究—以2001-2007年紐約時報新聞為例〉,《新聞學研究》,第100期。
  5. 傅啟倫(2004)。〈抗爭運動團體的媒介議題管理與媒體呈現策略:以台鐵工會秋節集體休假事件為例〉。國立臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所碩士論文。
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