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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.許崇源 (2005),「我國員工分紅與員工認股權課稅規定之探討」,會計研究月刊,第233期,頁72-81。
  2. 9.黃元新 (2005),「員工分紅配股費用化後對台股上市、櫃電子股所造成之衝擊」,淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  3. 10.張鈺祥 (2008),「從員工分紅配股費用化之宣示效應,剖析國內上市、櫃電子公司的貪婪程度」,淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  4. 11.楊勝傑 (2006),「依不同計價方式將員工分紅配股費用化後,對上市、櫃電子股之投資價值所造成的影響評估」,淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  5. 12.蔡慧玉 (2007),「員工分紅配股費用化、不同計價方式;暨上市、上櫃電子股投資價值」,淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業研究所碩士論文。
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