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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.《中國LED產業新一輪爆炸式成長》,台灣拓墣產業研究所(TRI),2010年6月。
  2. 1.邱晶晶,《LED廠商之競爭策略分析-以Cree公司為例》,國立政治大學
  3. 3.陳省男,《台灣LED照明產業的發展趨勢與策略分析》,國立清華大學科技管理學院高階經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,2009年。
  4. 5.曾仁和,《影響消費者對LED產品採用因素之研究》,淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,2009年。
  5. 6.蘇慧瑄,《台灣LED產業上中下游專利佈局之比較研究》,國立政治大學智慧財產研究所碩士論文,2007年。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭博仁(2014)。應用類神經網路預測LED元件之螢光粉比例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-76。
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