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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔德惠,《論查維茲二十一世紀社會主義理論與實踐》,(台北:淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所),2011年6月
  2. 吳慧真,《國際關係理論中的多邊主義:以歐盟共岣外交暨安全政策為例》,(台北:國立政治大學外交研究所),2005年6月
  3. 陳厚全;張武修;徐永年,<國際災難援助與災後醫療及公共衛生之需求~以2007索羅門群島地震緊急醫療援助為例>,《中南盟臨床專刊》,第3卷1期,2010年8月,頁65-74
  4. 陳建州,<世界水資源論壇推動乾淨水資源目標>,《中華經濟研究台灣WTO中心》WTO電子報第205期,2012年3月23日,頁13,檢視日期:2012/04/12
  5. Brouwer, Steve, Revolutionary Doctors: How Venezuela and Cuba Are Changing the World's Conception of Health Care, New York: Monthly Review Press, May 2011, p.28-29
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