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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國師範教育學會主編(2007)。教師評鑑與專業成長。台北:心理。
  2. 王允姿(2010)。臺北市國民中學因應教師專業發展評鑑相關策略之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 吳和堂(2007)。教師評鑑理論與實務。台北市:高等教育。
  4. 吳政達(2001)。國民中小學教師評鑑政策實施之可行性評估。行政院國家科學委員會補助專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC 90-2413-H-032-006)。台北:淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所。
  5. 張茂源、王昇泰與陳仕祥(2009)。教師評鑑的意涵與問題挑戰。學校行政雙月刊,61,216-219。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許佩雯(2016)。教師專業發展評鑑之個案研究-以一所國中為例。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-178。
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