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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅各(1999),《台灣婦女解放運動史》, 台北市: 巨流出版社。
  2. 呂玉瑕(1984),「婦女就業與家庭角色、權力結構之關係」,《中央研究院民族學研究所集刊》,56,111-143。
  3. 伊慶春、呂玉瑕(1995),「經濟發展與婦女家庭地位: 台灣的家庭結構、婦女就業型態與家庭權力結構之關聯(台中區深入訪談紀錄)」,《行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告》, 中央研究院中山人文科學研究所。
  4. 吳慧瑛(2000),「二十年來教育發展之經濟評估,1978 2001」,《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,33,97-130。
  5. 林妙娟(1995),「花卉農家婦女營農角色之個案初探」,《農家婦女在農業經營上角色之研究》,7,1-12, 行政院農業委員會補助研究計畫。
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