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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 吳素娟,2015,企業社會責任與公司財務績效之研究,朝陽科技大學企業管理系碩士論文。
  2. 8. 吳慧敏,2012,綠色雇主品牌知覺與組織績效關係之研究-以企業綠色實務為中介變項,中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 9. 呂芝倚,2015,執行企業社會責任對公司經營績效之影響-以資訊通訊產業(ICT)為例,朝陽科技大學財務金融系碩士論文。
  4. 10. 邱俐齊,2016,公司治理與資產配置策略對臺灣壽險業經營績效之影響,淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士論文。
  5. 13. 張國慶,2001,從國家品質獎探討實施全面品質管理之經營績效,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
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