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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 213 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. G8 Research Group Final Compliance Report, 2006/6/12, available from
  2. 2. G8 Research Group: Final Compliance Report, “Terrorist Financing: Counter-Terrorism Action Group-Finance”, 2005/7/1, available from
  3. 美國國會研究部門(Congressional Research Service)
  4. Chalk, Peter and Rosenau, William (2004), Confronting the〝Enemy Within〞: Security Intelligence, the Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies, Santa Monica, Calif. : Rand.
  5. Ferguson, Charles D.; Potter, Willian C.; Stands,Amy; Spector, Leonard S. and Wehling, Fred L. (2005), The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism, London : Routledge
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣劭涵(2010)。小布希時期美歐戰略關係之研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2010。1-140。 
  2. 黃佳媛(2007)。法國移民政策變遷之研究:1945-2007。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2007。1-190。 
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