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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古佳禾(2004)。銀行往來關係、監督機制與道德危險之實證研究。碩士論文,中原大學國際貿易研究所,桃園縣。
  2. 吳成豐(1995,8月)。不同組織主管價值型態的差異及其決策時影響道德的考量因素之研究。臺大管理論叢,6(2),135-158。
  3. 吳志正(2004)。權力決策模式與績效之相關性研究-公民營企業之實證。中華管理學報,2(2),19-41。
  4. 林松茂(2007,2月)。企業品德倫理-霸權與道德。品質月刊,12-15。
  5. 林逸青(2003)。國中校長權力運作策略、衝突管理策略與學校效能之關係:微觀政治分析。博士論文,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾香玶(2012)。馬基維利性格量表之再建立研究。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2012。1-71。 
  2. 劉昆昇(2013)。馬基維利主義、倫理領導與員工行為關係之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-66。
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