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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林雅迪、虞孝成、孫嘉祈、林亭汝 (2009),「應用灰關聯與Entropy探討台灣LED廠商經營績效」,台灣企業績效學刊,第三卷,第一期,頁73-102。
  2. 高明瑞、劉常勇、黃義俊、張乃仁 (2010),「企業綠色管理、環境績效與競爭優勢關聯性之研究」,管理與系統,第十七卷,第二期,頁255-278。
  3. 許長嵐 (2006),「超商服務業之綠色供應鏈管理制度研究」,國立台北科技大學環境規劃與管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 陳文亮、陳姿樺 (2008),「應用熵值權重法與TOPSIS法於布料摺飾設計評估決策模式之研究」,設計學研究,第十一卷,第一期,頁23-41。
  5. 陳欽雨、高宜慶 (2005),「綠色生產及消費系統評估架構之發展與分析」,人文紀社會科學期刊,第一卷,第一期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏美君(2011)。公股銀行合併後分行經營績效之探討-以合作金庫銀行與農民銀行為個案之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-95。
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