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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. Shel Leanne著,吳書榆譯。《征服:歐巴馬超凡溝通與激勵演說的精采剖析》。臺北:美商麥格羅•希爾國際股份有限公司,2009年。
  2. 3. 李秀珠。〈台灣有線電視採用者及採用過程之研究:檢視有線電視早期傳佈及晚期傳佈之差異〉。《新聞學研究》,第78期,2004年1月,頁71。
  3. 7. 洪雅慧。〈北、高網路選民大不同?-媒介使用、媒介重要性評估與政治犬儒主義、投票行為之關連性研究〉。《東吳政治學報》。第27期第2卷,2009年6月,頁7。
  4. 8. 孫治本。〈全球化與社會政策的未來:德國「新中間」路線之爭議〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,第38期,2000年6月,頁101。
  5. 13. 莊伯仲。〈負面競選廣告:1996-2004年台灣與美國總統大選之分析〉。《東吳政治學報》,第24期,2006年12月,頁213-243。
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