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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱美瑰(2008)。網路犯罪新型態∼看不見的拳頭:青少年網路霸凌現象初探。諮商與輔導,268,6-10。
  2. 朱淑樺(2010)。探討影響青少年購買飲料從眾行為之研究:以高高屏高中職生為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立高雄餐旅學院餐旅,高雄。
  3. 吳宏斌(2010)。臺東縣國中生網路使用行為與受網路霸凌的經驗覺察及反應之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,台東。
  4. 吳詩琳(2010)。國小學童人格特質、校園霸凌與網路霸凌關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,台東。
  5. 林佩瑩(2009)。臺北縣高職生網路使用情況、網路使用動機與網路成癮之調查研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙翊吟(2016)。大學生自戀性格、同理心、道德脫離與網路霸凌關係之研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-116。
  2. 錢柏康(2017)。心理因素與生活滿意度對大學生網路霸凌行為之影響。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2017。1-113。
  3. 林君樺(2017)。台美網路霸凌規範之比較研究。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-73。
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