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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 166 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方朝郁(2005)。概念構圖在國小自然與生活科技領域教學上的應用。教育研究,
  2. 王慧筠(2010)。概念構圖在國中地理教學的實踐。國立臺灣師範大學地理系,未出版。臺北。
  3. 江淑卿、郭生玉(1997)。不同學習過程的概念構圖策略對促進知識結構專家化與理解能力之效果研究。師大學報,42,1-16。
  4. 吳訓生(2000)。國小低閱讀能力學生閱讀理解策略教學效果之研究。國立彰化
  5. 吳裕聖(2001)。概念構圖教學策略對國小五年級學生科學文章閱讀理解及概念構圖能力之影響。國立中正大學教育研究所,未出版。嘉義縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑怡(2017)。有效教學策略融入國中地理科教學之行動研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-213。
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