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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 康美雪,(2009),「國內上市櫃公司從事企業分割之探討」,臺灣大學財務金融所碩士論文。
  2. 10. 許瑞宋譯,Jack Guinan 著(2009),財金詞彙一本就搞定:讓你思考像索羅斯、投資向巴菲特,美商麥格羅•希爾國際股份有限公司 台灣分公司。
  3. 1. Ahn, S. and Walker, M. D. (2007), Corporate governance and the spinoff decision, Journal of Corporate Finance 13, 76-93.
  4. 2. Allen, J. W. (2001), Private information and spin‐off performance, Journal of Business 74, 281-306.
  5. 3. Aron, D. J. (1991). Using the capital market as a monitor: corporate spinoffs in an agency Framework, Journal of Economics 22, 505-518.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周芸麗(2013)。員工認知企業分割效益、企業文化與組織認同關係之研究-以組織學習為中介變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-101。 
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