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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Akaike, H.(1973),“Information Theory and an Extension of the Maximum Likelihood Principle.”, In Second International Symposium on Information Theory, Ed. B. N. Petrov and F. Csaki, P.267-281.
  2. Bhardwaj, R. K. and L. D. Brooks.(1993),“Betas from Bull and Bear Markets: Reversal of The Size effect.”, Journal of Finance Research, 16, P269-283.
  3. Bollerslev, T.(1986),“A Generalized Autoregressive Condition Heteroskedesticity.”, Journal of Econometrics, 31, P307-327.
  4. Brailsonford, T. J. and R. W. Faff(1996),“An Evaluation of Volatility Forecasting Techniques.”, Journal of Banking and Finance, 20, P.419-439.
  5. Chen, J. H. and C.Y. Huang(2010), “An Analysis of the Spillover Effects of Exchange-Traded Funds.”, Applied Economics, 42, P.1155-1168.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳昱安(2015)。巨量資料探討及分析-以台灣50 ETF 為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-77。 
  2. 呂宜君(2015)。資料探勘於台灣指數股票型基金(ETF)發展之研究。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  3. 吳敏菁(2013)。中國A股ETF追蹤誤差績效之實證研究。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-45。 
  4. 洪榮吉(2012)。黃金商品對投資績效的影響-信心指數及多空市場分析。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-68。
  5. 黃靜怡(2014)。外溢效果和槓桿效果分析-以稀土礦產型ETF為實證。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-72。
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