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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟真(2013)。臺北市國中導師時間管理能力與班級經營效能關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北科技大學,臺北市。
  2. 高勤益(2010)。新北市國中導師師生互動與班級經營效能之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北科技大學,臺北市。
  3. 張夏銘(2011)。教師領導與教師專業發展關係之研究-以台南市國民中學為例(未出版之碩士論文)。南台科技大學,臺南市。
  4. 許培瑛(2012)。嘉義縣國民中學組織學習與教師專業成長關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中正大學,嘉義市。
  5. 陳音汝(2009)。國中教師專業成長與管教行為關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 阮銀慈(2017)。國中英文教師專業學習社群推動課堂教學研究之個案研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-153。
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