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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bauser, H., H. Chmiel, N. Stroh, E. Walitza, “Control of concentration polarization and fouling of membranes in medica, foodand biotechnical application”, J. Membr. Sci. 27 195-202 (1986).
  2. Belfort, G., ”Fluid mechanics in membrane filtration: recent developments ”, J. Membr. Sci. 40, 123-147 (1989).
  3. Bellara, S.R., Z.F. Cui, D.S. Pepper, “Gas sparging to enhancepermeate flux in ultrafiltration using hollow fibre membranes,” J. Membr. Sci. 121, 175-184 (1996)
  4. Cabassud, C., S. Laborie, J.M. Laine, “How slug flow can improve ultra -filtration flux in organic hollow fibers”, J. Membr. Sci. 128 93-101 (1997).
  5. Cheng, T.W., H.M. Yeh, C.T. Gau, “Enhancement of Permeate Flux by Gas Slugs for Crossflow Ultrafiltration in Tubular Membrane Module”, Sep. Sci. Technol. 33, 2295-2309 (1998).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張育豪(2015)。紫外光硬化型親水性水性PU奈米複合材料混成應用於透濕性聚酯織物處理。淡江大學化學學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-123。 
  2. 楊蕙禎(2014)。親水性PU奈米複合材料應用於長效型玻璃防霧和吸濕性織物處理。淡江大學化學學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-180。 
  3. 張瑋展(2011)。二氧化鈦溶液之過濾行為及其光觸媒性能。淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-97。 
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