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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王傑明(2003)。主管領導行為、工作特性、工作滿意度與離職傾向之關係研究~以高科技產業員工為例。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩士班碩士論文。
  2. 14. 張裕隆(1998)。我國「管理才能評鑑工具」發展及信效度分析研究。國科會專題研究報告。
  3. 31. 謝嘉修(2003)。激勵制度、人格特質與離職傾向關聯性研究-以在職進修員工為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 1. Adams, J. S. (1963). Toward an Understanding of Inequity, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(5)422-436.
  5. 2. Bass, B. M. (1990). Bass & Stogdill's Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research and Managerial Applications. New York: Free Press.
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉偉志(2013)。觀光旅館廚師之工作滿足、主管領導型態對留任意願之研究-以台中地區觀光旅館為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-81。 
  2. 簡晉宏(2015)。南部醫院藥師工作壓力、工作滿意度與留任意願之相關性研究。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-90。 
  3. 李純瑤(2012)。激勵制度對離職傾向之影響—以員工創造力為干擾變數。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2012。1-62。
  4. 莊環丞(2013)。激勵因素傾向與留任意願之關係研究: 以工作滿意為中介效果。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-104。
  5. 陳錦松(2013)。高雄市國小教師激勵、保健因素、組織承諾與知識分享意願之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-124。
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