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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林鉦棽(2004)。休閒旅館從業人員的組織公正、組織信任與組織公民行為關係:社會交換理論觀點的分析。中華管理學報,5(1),91-112。
  2. 張松山,孫仲山和陳冠年(2011)。績效評估指標、組織溝通、評核方式與工作績效關聯性之實證研究。工業科技教育學刊,4,57-64。
  3. 莊文忠(2008)。績效衡量與指標設計:方法論上的討論。公共行政學報,29,61-69。
  4. 陳國評(2012)。壽險業務員工作動機、心理契約滿足與工作績效及離職傾向之關聯性探討。樹德科技大學金融與風險管理系碩士論文。
  5. 陳靜怡(2012)。員工組織關係、組織承諾和員工績效間關係之研究-以心理契約實現和組織認同為中介。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
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