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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王奕偉(2008)。以計劃行為理論探討大型會計師事務所審計人員之知識分享行為-團隊氣候及領導風格為外生變數。淡江大學會計學系碩士班碩士論文,新北市。
  2. 周吟香(2009)。領導風格與組織文化對組織效能之影響-以中小型會計師事務所為例。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班碩士論文,新北市。
  3. 胡夢蕾(2007)。國際觀光旅館員工的知識分享意願與服務創新表現知覺間關係之研究-以團隊文化為調節變項。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系餐旅管理與教育組碩士論文,台北市。
  4. 陳瑾瑜(2009)。組織文化、領導行為及信任關係對溝通效能與工作士氣響之研究-以某電機公司為例。淡江大學企業管理系碩士在職專班碩士論文,新北市。
  5. 黃村煜(2010)。魅力型領導、團隊運作與團隊績效關係之研究:以台灣傳銷業為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理學系碩士論文,台中市。
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