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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鼎銘,2015,〈抗爭行為的集體行動邏輯:「反貪倒扁運動」之理性選擇分析〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》,27(4): 605-640。
  2. 吳親恩、林奕孜,2013,〈兩岸經貿開放、認同與投票選擇:2008年與2012年總統選舉的分析〉,《選舉研究》,20(2): 1-36。
  3. 李瑞全,2014,〈民主憲政下的公民抗命:論台灣太陽花運動的政治意義〉,《鵝湖月刊》,39(10): 41-52。
  4. 林淑惠、黃韞臻、林佳筠,2009,〈探究臺灣大學生心中理想的國家領導人:以中部七所大學學生為例〉,《臺中教育大學學報:人文藝術類》,23(1): 129-149。
  5. 范碩銘,2007,〈民主化下台灣的社會運動外部策略研究〉,政治大學中山人文社會科學研究所碩士學位論文。
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