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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于樹偉 (2006)。先進國家風險管理理念與架構。研考雙月刊,30卷2期。台北市:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
  2. 王吉杉、陳博昌、黃正瀚、陳禱安(2005)。污水下水道建設現況與未來趨勢。台北市:財團法人臺灣營建研究院。
  3. 行政院公共工程委員會(2004)。政府採購爭議處理事件案源及問題類型分析。台北市:行政院公共工程委員會
  4. 行政院公共工程委員會(1995)。公共建設報告書。台北市:行政院公共工程委員會。
  5. 吳庭珺(2006)。工程爭議導向之專案文件管理雛型系統。中央大學營建管理所碩士論文。未出版,桃園縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 童玫菱(2011)。景觀設計工程專案管理關鍵成功因素之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-121。
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