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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andrew Webster著,陳一筠譯,發展社會學(Sociology of Development),台北:桂冠,一九九O年。
  2. 蔡東杰,「巴西在第三波民主化過程中的轉機與危機」,問題與研究,第三十八卷第十一期,民國八十八年十一月,頁77-90。
  3. Baaklini, Abdo I. The Brazilian legislature and political system. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.
  4. Boff, Leonardo. Faith on the edge: religion and marginalized existence. New York: Orbis, 1991.
  5. “---” Ecclesiogenesis : the base communities reinvent the church. New York: Orbis, 1986.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇容令(2014)。探究巴西保羅•弗雷勒批判教育的理想與實踐。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  2. 田兆姮(2009)。中美洲幫派對美國的影響-以薩爾瓦杜恰幫為例。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-148。 
  3. 鍾宛諭(2007)。拉丁美洲新興左派興起因素之研究。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-147。 
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