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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文英、張清福(2004)。智慧資本影響績效模式之探討—我國半導體業之實證研究,會計評論,39,89-117頁。
  2. 吳顯東(2005)。SRI情境分析方法。台北市:資訊工業策進會。
  3. 李瑞娥(2004)。國民學校終身學習文化、組織學習、組織創新與學校校能關係之研究—
  4. 科特(Kotter, P.)(2000)。領導與變革(On what leaders really do)(李聖賢譯)。台北:中國生產力中心出版。(原作1999出版)
  5. 范熾文(2001)。國民小學校長領導行為、教師組織承諾與學校組織績效之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所,未出版博士論文,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳崇德(2009)。地方政府與NGO互動之未來圖像:以台北市為例。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-105。 
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