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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉雯、王泰昌與吳明政(2008),「企業經營型態與研發活動績效」,管理學報,第25卷,第2期,頁173-193。
  2. 江向才,何里仁(2003),「公司治理資訊透明度與績效評核關聯性之研究-台灣地區電子業上市公司之例證」,管理學域學術研討會論文集,第四屆,頁368-380。
  3. 呂佳玲、林基煌(2008),「家族企業公司治理、併購策略與績效之探討」,亞太經濟管理評論,第11卷,第2期,頁107-134。
  4. 李馨蘋,莊宗憲(2007),「公司治理機制與公司績效之實證研究」,東吳經濟商學學報,第57期,頁1-27。
  5. 沈中華、林昆立(2008),「公司治理對基本財務資訊與股票報酬關係的影響:內生性轉換模型之應用」,管理評論,第27卷,第2期,頁1-27。
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