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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳禾 (2004),「生命週期評估與環境績效分析研究-以人造纖維產品為例」,碩士論文,環境工程研究所,國立成功大學,台南。
  2. 林家慶 (2006),「以電弧加速處理廢光碟回收技術之研製」,碩士論文,電機工程學系,國立成功大學,台南。
  3. 黃永東 (2008),「以ISO 14040標準系列強化產品生命週期評估」,品質月刊,第15~20頁。
  4. 黃建中 (2005),「生命週期衝擊評估之客觀權重方法」,博士論文,環境工程研究所,國立臺灣大學,台北市。
  5. 黃瓊儀 (2003),「人造纖維產品之生命週期評估研究」,碩士論文,環境工程研究所,國立成功大學,台南。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈彣穎(2012)。在環境基準不確定模式下運用GaBi LCA軟體探討水足跡計算方法─以DVD-R光碟片製造為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-85。 
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