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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王祝三、莊雅雪、郭勁甫,2009,公司治理、投資與公司價值之關聯性,東吳經濟商學學報,第66期, 頁69-114。
  2. 王雍智、潘家玲,2010,資本結構與公司績效關聯性之研究-臺灣股市的新啟示,企業管理學報,第85期,頁71-110。
  3. 方俊儒、李秀英、龍春伶,2008,獨立董監事對公司績效與盈餘品質之影響-控制股東之調節效果,會計與公司治理,第 5卷,第1期,頁 55-80。
  4. 林秀柑、方文碩、王冠閔,2009,集團核心企業董事會特性與經營績效之研究,臺灣企業績效學刊,第3 卷,第1期,頁25-48。
  5. 林郁翎、黃建華,2009,考慮公司治理之企業財務危機預警模型,東吳經濟商學學報,第64 期,頁23-56。
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