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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱毅,〈透視危機管理的內涵〉,《臺北銀行月刊》,第28卷第12期,1998年,頁32-50。
  2. 鄭美華,〈危機管理機制建立之研究〉,《開南管理學院通識教育中心通識研究集刊》,第四期,2003年12月,頁197-198。
  3. 王銘福,〈我國派遣軍隊從事災害救援之執行現況與問題改善之研究〉,《國立中央大學土木工程研究所》,碩士論文,2008年。
  4. 陳俞安,〈從規劃者觀點看災後重建規劃過程中的災民參與:以莫拉克颱風災後永久屋規劃為例〉,《國立成功大學都市計劃學系》,碩士論文,2012年。
  5. 黃文玲,〈我國中央災害防救體系精進之研究-以莫拉克風災後為例〉,《國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所》,碩士論文,2010年。
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