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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫鑫如(2011)。企業社會責任、綠色企業形象與求職者應徵意願之關聯性研究。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 高端訓(2013)。企業社會責任對消費者購買意願影響之研究–品牌依附及品牌形象之中介效果。國立臺北大學企業管理學系博士論文。
  3. 康峰菁(2010)。企業社會責任的整體認知與實際作為之研究:以台灣服務業為例。企業管理學報,第 86 期,75-114。
  4. 湯立群(2001)。來源國屬性與產品資訊特性搭配一致性之研究-產品類別的干擾效果。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 廖婉鈞、林月雲、虞邦祥(2009)。知覺組織利害關係人重要程度與組織績效之關係:企業責任作為之中介效果。管理學報,第26卷,第2期,213-232。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何瑋莉(2016)。工業4.0概念應用對新產品開發績效之影響-以產品特性為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-88。
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