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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉貞(2014)。新北市國民小學校長正向領導與學習型學校關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所,新北市。
  2. 吳俊憲(2012)。推動高中職學校優質化-「學習領導」之觀點分析。臺灣教育評論月刊,1(10),39-42。
  3. 吳清山、王令宜(2012)。校長學習領導的理念與實踐策略。教育行政研究,2(2),1-21。
  4. 李家鳳(2012)。蒲公英的旅行見聞-旭日國小發展學校特色課程與課程領導之敘事探究(未出版之碩士論文)。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所,新北市。
  5. 張明輝(1999)。學校教育與行政革新研究。臺北市:師大書苑。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林意明(2017)。桃園市國民小學校長學習領導與教師創新教學關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-199。 
  2. 陳孟霞(2017)。國小教師學習領導之研究—以新北市一國小實施即時補救教學個案為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-113。
  3. 江岳庭(2017)。一所偏鄉國中校長推動學習共同體-以學習領導的觀點研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-122。
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