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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹廉榮(1996)。本土語言規劃與實施之研究─以臺北縣為例。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  2. 行政院客家委員會(2004)。客委會介紹─篳路藍縷 細說成立過程。
  3. 吳昌期(2004)。Y世代教師領導與管理之研究。研討會主持人(吳清山),新世代學校行政人員培育面面觀。學校行政論壇第十二次學術研討會,台北縣立鶯歌高級工商職業學校。
  4. 李慧娟(2004)。國小教師實施鄉土語言教學之個案研究─以客家語教學為例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 李雪燕(2001)。國小低年級客家歌謠教學實施之行動研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,台北市。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林延霞(2014)。新北市國民小學本土語言教學實施現況及其問題之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-169。 
  2. 梁均紘(2011)。新北市國民小學行政人員對爭議性教育政策之認知與執行策略研究-以「活化課程實驗方案」為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-177。 
  3. 林作逸(2017)。臺灣客語政策之研究:1945-2017。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-211。 
  4. 張淑美(2008)。桃園縣國民小學實施客語教學執行成效之研究-以學校支持系統觀點。中央大學客家政治經濟與政策研究所在職碩士專班學位論文。2008。1-353。
  5. 陳品全(2009)。政策規劃與決策模式之研究-以客語能力認證為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2009。1-160。
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