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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊秀,(2005),<永續台灣評量系統的社會論述:理念與實務>,《都市與計
  2. (2008年1月10日)。
  3. 杜文苓、陳致中,(2007),<民眾參與公共決策的反思-以竹科宜蘭基地設置為例>,《台灣民主季刊》,第4卷,第3期,頁33-62。
  4. 汪銘生、林錦郎,(2007),<高高屏地區永續發展策略與行動計畫之研究-多
  5. 孫志鴻、連敏芳、劉英毓,(2005),<地方永續發展與民衆參與-以宜蘭縣示
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴興盛(Hsing-Sheng Tai);康文尚(Wan-Shong Kong);郭靜雯(Ching-Wen Kou)(2013)。台灣環評制度設計與執行爭議─反思美麗灣案。國家發展研究。12(2)。133-178。 
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